Quando as crianças começam a detectar mentiras?

Quando as crianças começam a detectar mentiras?

A partir dos 4 anos, crianças começam a identificar mentirosos pelo olhar

Quando as crianças começam a detectar mentiras?

Durante a década de 80, estudos mostraram que até o início da adolescência crianças têm dificuldade para processar as pistas não verbais.

que revelam quando alguém diz a verdade ou não.

“Mas esses estudos se focaram em pistas sutis ou intencionalmente mascaradas, como fingir um sorriso para agradar”.

Afirma o psicólogo Kang Lee, da Universidade de Toronto.

Mas o que dizer de pistas menos sutis?

A partir de que idade a criança consegue perceber essas incongruências?

Para descobrir isso, Lee fez 3 experimentos, mostrando a 97 crianças de 3 a 5 anos um vídeo em que uma atriz escondia um brinquedo em uma de 3 xícaras.

Nos primeiros dois experimentos, a atriz dizia:

“Não sei onde está o brinquedo”, mas olhava para uma das xícaras – no primeiro, só com os olhos no segundo, com movimento de cabeça.

No terceiro experimento, a atriz dizia que o brinquedo estava em uma xícara, mas olhava para outra.

Enquanto as crianças de 3 anos não conseguiram usar a pista do olhar para descobrir onde o brinquedo estava, as de 4 a 5 anos conseguiam.

Isso mostrou a idade em que crianças se tornam capazes de comparar linguagem corporal e linguagem verbal – estratégia básica para desvendar mentiras.

Fonte Revista Superinteressante Edição312

 

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